1 the contraction of two vowels into a diphthong [syn: syneresis]
2 the separation of liquid from a gel that is caused by contraction (as in cheese making) [syn: syneresis]
EtymologyFrom the Greek συναίρεσις.
In linguistics, synaeresis (Greek συναίρεσις) is the contraction of two vowels into a diphthong (or long vowel). If synaeresis is used against convention, it may serve as a rhetorical figure (a metaplasm). The opposite phenomenon is known as diaeresis.
In historical linguistics, such contractions often result after the regular loss of a consonant that used to separate the two vowels. In this case, the resulting vowel or diphthong will typically carry a circumflex intonation.
synaeresis in Breton: Sinairezenn
synaeresis in German: Synärese (Linguistik)
synaeresis in Spanish: Sinéresis
synaeresis in French: Synérèse
synaeresis in Galician: Sinérese
synaeresis in Polish: Synereza (językoznawstwo)
synaeresis in Portuguese: Sinérese